Monday, June 24, 2019

Main Computer Hard Disc Crash


We take this opportunity to inform our IAEWP officials that the MAIN computer where ALL communications related to IAEWP administration at the Office of the EVP in Malaysia had crashed. This means that all stored data is permanently gone.


Last year about this time the external hard drive crashed. This is just the marvel of technology.


Everything happens for a reason; 
GOD's plans are always better than human DESIRES. 
We NO longer stress over losses!


This blog would go into a hibernation until December 25th as we are concentrating our time, energy and resources on organizing two major events in Malaysia for the United Nations International Day of  Peace 2019.


The Chief Minister of the state where the events are being organized has consented to grace the opening of the event. Recently we had approached the Office of  Federal Minister for Unity and Integration and we are happy with the first discussion with the Principal Secretary.


We thank the National Chancellor of Malaysia for ALL the efforts and initiatives.



Please visit us at  www.walkforworldpeace.com





Updated by the 
Office of the Executive Vice President 2, 
Malaysia.

Saturday, April 27, 2019

Yemen and World Law: Building from Current Violations






René Wadlow is a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace Development Environment. He is President of the Association of World Citizens, an international peace organization with consultative status with ECOSOC, the United Nations organ facilitating international cooperation and problem-solving in economic and social issues, and editor of Transnational Perspectives.




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Appointment of the National Chancellor of Indonesia.


The Office of the Executive Vice President 2 is pleased to announce the appointment of the  IAEWP National Chancellor of Indonesia with effective from 25th April 2019.

Associate Professor Dr. Mulyadi Amir is a lecturer in Education Technology at post graduate level in JAKARTA ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY. http://uid.ac.id/  Associate Professor Dr. Mulyadi Amir would serve the Board of IAEWP Indonesia for the 2019 -2020 term.

Dr. Mulyadi Amir was in Malaysia at the invitation of the IAEWP National Chancellor of Malaysia and had a briefing done by the Executive Vice President 2 , to roll out initiative in Indonesia in collaboration with IAEWP Malaysia.

Indonesia officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [reˈpublik ɪndoˈnesia]), is a country in Southeast Asia, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is the world's largest island country, with more than seventeen thousand islands, and at 1,904,569 square kilometres (735,358 square miles), the 14th largest by land area and the 7th largest in combined sea and land area. 

With over 261 million people, it is the world's 4th most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country.Java, the world's most populous island, is home to more than half of the country's population.

The sovereign state is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected parliament. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. Jakarta, the country's capital, is the second most populous urban area in the world. 

The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and the eastern part of Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands. 

Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support a high level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources like oil and natural gas, tin, copper and gold. Agriculture mainly produces rice, palm oil, tea, coffee, cacao, medicinal plants, spices and rubber.

Indonesia's major trading partners are China, United States, Japan, Singapore and India.

IAEWP International Secretariat  welcomes Associate Professor Dr. Mulyadi Amir into the family and looks forward to his contribution to serve IAEWP mission in the thick, colourful fabrics of bureaucracy in the beautiful nation of Indonesia.



 Announcement  made by the 
Office of the IAEWP  Executive Vice President 2,
 Malaysia



Rape as a weapon in war.



A Step Forward in the U.N.'s Efforts Against Rape as a Weapon of War.




On Tuesday, 23 April 2019, the United Nations Security Council voted resolution N° 2467 concerning the use of rape as a weapon in times of armed conflict.  This resolution builds on an earlier resolution of 24 June 2013 which called for the complete and immediate cessation of all acts of sexual violation by all parties in armed conflicts. The new resolution introduced by Germany contained two new elements, both of which were eliminated in the intense negotiations in the four days prior to the vote of 13 in favor and two abstentions, those of Russia and China.


rap001_400


The first new element in the German proposed text concerned help to the victims of rape.  The proposed paragraph was "urges United Nations entities and donors to provide non-discrimatory and comprehensive health services including sexual and reproductive health, psychosocial, legal and livelihodd support and other multi-sectoral services for survivors of sexual violence, taking into account the special needs of persons with disabilities."



The U.S. delegation objected to this paragraph claiming that "sexual and reproductive health" were code words that opened a door to abortion.  Since a U.S. veto would prevent the resolution as a whole, the paragraph was eliminated.  There had been four days of intense discussions among the Security Council members concerning this paragraph, with only the U.S. opposed to any form of planned parenthood action. After the resolution was passed with the health paragraph eliminated, the Permanent Representative of France, Ambassador Francois Delatte spoke for many of the members saying "It is intolerable and incomprehensible that the Security Council is incapable of acknowledging that women and girls who suffered from sexual violence in conflict and who obviously didn't choose to become pregnant should have the right to terminate their pregnancy."


The second concept of the German draft that was eliminated was the proposal to create a working group to monitor and to review progress on ending sexual violence in armed conflict.  Such a working group was opposed by the diplomats of Russia and China, both of which have the veto power.  Thus, for the same reason as with the U.S. opposition, the idea of a monitoring working group was dropped. Both China and Russia are opposed to any form of U.N. monitoring, fearing that their actions on one topic or another would be noted by a monitoring group.  The Russian diplomat had to add that he was against the added administrative burden that a monitoring group would present but that Russia was against sexual violence in conflict situations.


Thus the new U.N. Security Council resolution 2467 is weaker than it should have been, but is nevertheless a step forward in building awareness.  The Association of World Citizens first raised the issue in the U.N. Commission on Human Rights in March 2001 citing the judgement of the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia which  maintained that there can be no time limitations on bringing an accused to trial.  The Tribunal also reinforced the possibility of universal jurisdiction that a person can be tried not only by his national court but by any court claiming universal jurisdiction and where the accused is present.


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The Association of World Citizens again stressed the use of rape as a weapon of war in the Special Session of the Commission on Human Rights Violations in the Democratic Republic of Congo citing the findings of Meredeth Turshen and Clotilde Twagiramariya in their book What Women Do in Wartime: Gender and Conflict in Africa. (London: Zed Press, 1998). They write "There are numerous types of rape.  


Rape is committed to boast the soldiers' morale, to feed soldiers' hatred of the enemy, their sense of superiority, and to keep them fighting: rape is one kind of war booty; women are raped because war intensifies men's sense of entitlement, superiority, avidity, and social licence to rape: rape is a weapon of war used to spread political terror; rape can destabilize a society and break its resistance; rape is a form of torture; gang rapes in public terrorize and silence women because they keep the civilian population functioning and are essential to its social and physical continuity; rape is used in ethnic cleansing; it is designed to drive women from their homes or destroy their possibility of reproduction within or "for" their community; genocidal rape treats women as "reproductive vessels"; to make them bear babies of the rapists' nationality, ethnicity, race or religion, and genocidal rape aggravates women's terror and future stigma, producing a class of outcast mothers and children - this is rape committed with consciousness of how unacceptable a raped woman is to the patriarchal community and to herself.  

This list combines individual and group motives with obedience to military command; in doing so, it gives a political context to violence against women, and it is this political context that needs to be incorporated in the social response to rape."


The Security Council resolution opens the door to civil society organizations to build on the concepts eliminated from the governmental resolution itself.  Non-governmental organizations must play an ever-more active role in providing services to rape victims with medical, psychological and socio-cultural services.  In addition, if the U.N. is unable to create a monitoring and review of information working group, then such a monitoring group will have to be the task of cooperative efforts among NGOs.  It is always to be hoped that government acting together would provide the institutions necessary to promote human dignity.  But with the failure of governments to act, our task as non-governmental representatives is set out for us.




Rene Wadlow
President, Association of World Citizen

Saturday, March 16, 2019

Dr. Michael Ellis joins IAEWP Advisory Board 2020 -2024


Dr. Michael Ellis, MD is a GP, Integrative Medical Doctor,  futurist, and peace worker,  Founder of The Global Peace Centre, New Paradigm Journal and Medical Renaissance Group, Buddhist and Global Peace Ambassador. 

He is President of the Global Peace Centre and Club of Budapest Australia. He has been in the Peace movement for over 30 years and has initiated and convened international Peace Conferences at Melbourne University in 1995 and Deakin University, Melbourne 2012 and 2014. 

In December 2012 over two weekends Michael co-produced a Global Internet Streaming event, “Shaping the Future Global”. He has conducted regular seminars and written extensively on a wide range of topics related to the achievement of World Peace and Global Healing.

•    http://www.globalpeacecentre.org

•    https://www.clubofbudapestaustralia.com

•.   http://www.newparadigmjournal.com/
 

Dr. Ellis also has an Honours Degree in Literature, Arts, Philosophy and Social Psychology, He founded the Global Peace Centre in 2009

http://www.globalpeacecentre.org and

New Paradigm Journal in 2006
http://www.newparadigmjournal.com/

Michael arranged for the first Global Peace Centre Patron and friend, Sir Mark Oliphant to speak at the House of Lords in 1987. Michael also spoke there at the time.

He founded and convened an international conference – Conference Earth: Humanity and Planet Earth – 2001 and Beyond in 1995 in Melbourne Australia attracting national media coverage.

•    Michael produced an extraordinary 3-day event, called Shaping the Future Conference and Concert –A new image of Humanity which was held at one of Australia’s premier Universities, Deakin University, from August 15-17 2014.

•    In the book Golden Thread, a collection of practical and metaphysical wisdoms, sourced from contemporary geniuses, including renowned Deepak Chopra and a range of other experts in multiple fields; in the forward to a chapter entitled Revolutionary Doctor, written by Dr. Michael Ellis, he is described as an Integrative Medical Doctor, Doctor of Consciousness, Buddhist, Founder of Medical Renaissance Group, The Global Peace Centre and The Buddhist Centre, Global Peace Ambassador and Initiator of Global Catalytic Change.


Dr. Michael Ellis,
1 A, Ozone Road , Bayswater , Victoria ,3153 , Australia
Mobile 61-414543397 Email : mindquest@ozemail.com.au

President
https://www.clubofbudapestaustralia.com
President
https://www.globalpeacecentre.org

IAEWP Condemns ALL acts of terrorism.

New Zealand residents in tears over the massacre




The IAEWP President, Executive Secretariat and IAEWP membership worldwide join the world leaders and the people to condemn the senseless act of brutal violence and the deadly shooting at two mosques in the New Zealand city of Christchurch.

Forty-nine people lost their lives and at least 50 suffered serious injuries, some 11 people in critical condition including a four-year-old girl: in the terrorist attack of shootings targeting, the mosques during Friday prayers.

This is the latest example of rising racism and Islamophobia fascist terrorism that is leading to mass killing, regardless of motivation, motives or reason.

IAEWP joins the world in raising our voices and call for the need to introduce peace education in schools to counter all forms of the perverse and murderous ideology of fanatism by working together to counter Islamophobia and eliminate intolerance and violent extremism.

Our prayers and empathy are with the victims and their families. We stand in solidarity with the people of New Zealand, the enforcement agencies and their government against this heinous and cowardly acts violent extremism. 

We also ask everyone to continue maintaining a calm emotional temperature during this very painful period as all acts of terrorism is unjustifiable and is beyond any religion and against all principles of humanity.


Office of the  IAEWP  Executive Vice President 2,
Malaysia

Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Peace Walkathon 2019 - Preliminary Announcement

We are pleased to inform that the groundwork has started for the organizing of a PEACE WALKATHON in support of the UN International Day of Peace in September 2019.




We encourage all National Chancellors to adopt what is  MOST appropriate for your local environment and atmosphere.

We congratulate the National Chancellor of Malaysia for executing this initiative and recommendation.


Malaysia is also releasing Mineral Water - Drink for Peace to kick start the event. The initial release is in  500ml bottles from a water harvesting source that is approved by the Malaysian Ministry of Health.




More details on the design of medals, cap, T-shirts and participation certificates would be released soon.





Office of the Executive Vice President 2
Malaysia





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Conscious Creation to Transform the World

There is a Zen story in which the student asks the master “What is the secret of enlightenment?”  The master writes on his board “attention”.  The student asks again “Is that all?"  The master writes “Attention, attention.”

Attention-awareness is at the heart of conscious creation.  In awareness there is freedom to see things as they actually are, without distortion.  Awareness is the freeing of the mind from all symbols, images, and remembrances, for thought and feeling dissipate energy; they are repetitive, producing mechanical activities which are a necessary part of existence, but they are only part. 

 Awareness is seeing, watching, listening without a word, without comment, without opinion. With awareness the mind becomes quiet, naturally  silent, not made silent through suppression, discipline or control.   Awareness is something that requires a great deal of intelligence, sensitivity, and the capacity of love and beauty.
lapi0001
Awareness is the first step of empowerment. As Jackie Lapin writes “ The Art of Conscious Creation is a manual for empowerment.  It is a wake-up call for those who have spent their lives feeling powerless, victimized, or buffeted by life’s challenges.” (1) Awareness gives us insights into the working of what can be called “the Universal Force” — benevolent, loving, energetic power.  With awareness, we see how our thoughts and emotions blend with those around us to form a collective consciousness although many are not fully aware of the power of ideas and emotions to create form.


As Shakti Gawain has written in her book Path to Transformation “Whatever attitudes and beliefs are held most deeply and powerfully in the mass consciousness will, for better or worse, be manifested in the collective reality…Our own thoughts, feelings and actions are not isolated occurrences taking place within the confines of our own bodies, but are in fact manifestations of the one spiritual and energetic source that moves through everyone of us.  It is no more possible for one of us to change without changing the rest, as it is for a single wave to crest in the ocean without affecting the whole.”

Thus, we need to be aware of how the mood of others, and of the society in general influences our thoughts and emotions as we must be aware that our thoughts go to form the mood of the total society.

As Lapin writes “What we think and feel, we attract…If you are vibrating fear, victimization, and hopelessness, you’ll attract more negative energies…This ‘law of attraction’ as it’s called in the energetics world, is all about where we put our focus…The message to be learned is to focus on what you do want, not what you don’t want…We can stay centered through positive thoughts and deeds, no matter what is happening around us and continue trying to attract for the world and ourselves a better future.”

Thus, we need to be aware of how the mood of others, and of the society in general influences our thoughts and emotions as we must be aware that our thoughts go to form the mood of the total society.

As Lapin writes “What we think and feel, we attract…If you are vibrating fear, victimization, and hopelessness, you’ll attract more negative energies…This ‘law of attraction’ as it’s called in the energetics world, is all about where we put our focus…The message to be learned is to focus on what you do want, not what you don’t want…We can stay centered through positive thoughts and deeds, no matter what is happening around us and continue trying to attract for the world and ourselves a better future.”  Thus in guidelines for action Lapin advises “Send out only positive energy and that energy will eventually return.  Monitor your thoughts, feelings and actions.  Choose those that will manifest a win-win for all.  Release the fear that may cause you to make a poor judgement.”

The second step after awareness is visualization.  Visualization is a powerful tool.   Visualization is not ‘day dreaming’ but is focused thought, emotion, and energy in a one-pointed direction.  There is a form-building power of directed thought, and visualization sets this power into motion.  As Lapin recommends for creating and structuring your vision “Choose a positive focus — not one that blames or condemns.  You must operate from a framework of love for what you are bringing forth, not from fear or dread.  Use positive language in your mind, stressing the wonder and joy at this exciting new dimension coming true.  Picture it as if it has already happened, as if it already exists.  Feel like it is already here.”

The third step is action.  As Lapin notes “Vision and action unified are the most powerful combination for manifesting.  They are synergistic, amplifying the energy and power of the creator…Action is also change.  By taking action we signal to the Universe that we are ready to accept change and to create it at the same time.  We are planting the seeds for our own transformation when we act to transform what is outside of us.  Setting an intention and following through with love, kindness and compassion create the most fertile environment for growing the life we want to enjoy.”

At a time when we are sent daily negative images of violence and suffering through the media, there is a need to recognize the presence of the suffering and of economic-political tensions. Yet we need to develop a focused positive view of a world of harmony and peace and to make efforts to transform the vision into reality.
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Note
(1) Jackie Lapin. The Art of Conscious Creation: How You Can Transform the World (Charleston, SC: Elevate, 2007)

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Rene Wadlow, President, Association of World Citizens

Monday, February 11, 2019

Warsaw Process toward a Conference on Security and Cooperation in the Middle East


From a city that suffered from violence and destruction during the Second World War, there goes out a banner of peace held by Citizens of the World.  The Association of World Citizens stresses that the 13-14 February conference on the Middle East can begin a process that will lead to a Conference on Security and Cooperation in the Middle East on the model of the negotiations which led to the Helsinki Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Your cooperation in this great task is most welcome.







Dr. René Wadlow is a member of the TRANSCEND Network for Peace Development Environment. He is President of the Association of World Citizens, an international peace organization with consultative status with ECOSOC, the United Nations organ facilitating international cooperation and problem-solving in economic and social issues, and editor of Transnational Perspectives.

Sunday, February 10, 2019

Human Beings are Destroying Life on Earth but Deluding Ourselves > that > We are Not'




'Human Beings are Destroying Life on Earth
 but Deluding Ourselves that We are Not'


'Information Clearing House', USA, 

17 January 2019.


Dr. Robert J. Burrowes
IAEWP Vice President for South Pacific

Australia 
 https://thepeoplesnonviolencecharter.wordpress.com/






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Saturday, February 9, 2019

IAEWP MALAYSIA delivers aids to Indonesian Tsunami Victims.



On 28 September 2018, a shallow, large earthquake struck in the neck of the Minahasa Peninsula, Indonesia, with its epicentre located in the mountainous Donggala Regency, Central Sulawesi. Sulawesi lies within the complex zone of interaction between the Australian, Pacific, Philippine and Sunda Plates in which many small microplates are developed.


The earthquake was felt over a wide area. Noticeable shaking, ranging from II-III on the Mercalli intensity scale, was reported in Samarinda, Makassar and Tawau. The strongest shaking was felt in Donggala Regency where a maximum intensity of IX (violent) was recorded. The maximum intensity in Palu, the provincial capital of Central Sulawesi, was at VIII (severe). 

According to the Indonesian Agency for the Assessment and Application for Technology (BPPT), energy released by the quake was 200 times to that released in the 1945 nuclear bombing of Hiroshima. Analysis also showed that the shoreline which was located near the rupture in Palu and Donggala had a decrease on its height. Height drops of 0.5–1 meter were recorded, while an increase of height of around 0.3 cm was recorded in Banawa.


The magnitude 7.5 quake was located 77 km (48 mi) away from the provincial capital Palu and was felt as far away as Samarinda on East Kalimantan and also in Tawau, Malaysia. This event was preceded by a sequence of foreshocks, the largest of which was a magnitude 6.1 tremor that occurred earlier that day.

Following the mainshock, a tsunami alert was issued for the nearby Makassar Strait, but was called off half an hour later. A localised tsunami struck Palu, sweeping shore-lying houses and buildings on its way. 



The combined effects of the earthquake and tsunami led to the deaths of at least 2,256 people and 5000 gone missing. 

In one of the worst disasters in modern history, the region was also hit by a devastating tsunami in December 2004, that claimed over 230,000 lives in 14 countries along the Indian Ocean, mostly in Indonesia.

This makes it the deadliest earthquake to strike the country since the 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake, as well as the deadliest earthquake worldwide in 2018, surpassing the previous earthquake that struck Lombok a few months earlier, killing more than 500. The Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) confirmed that a tsunami had been triggered, with its height reaching an estimated maximum of 4 to 7 metres (13 to 23 ft), striking the settlements of Palu, Donggala and Mamuju along its path.

The earthquake caused major soil liquefaction in areas in and around Palu. In two locations this led to mudflows in which many buildings became submerged causing hundreds of deaths with many more missing. The liquefaction was considered to be the largest in the world and was deemed as rare.

The IAEWP National Chancellor of Malaysia,  Mr. Syed Araniri Al Idrus was appointed Chef De Mission by the Majlis Agama Islam dan Adat Istiadat Melayu Perlis (MAIPs) or the Islamic Council of the State of Perlis to deliver aids and building and repair works on the building structure of SURAU or place of worship for Muslims, very much smaller than a mosque. These suraus double up as relief centers as well as places of assembly and shelter during natural disasters and emergencies.


The Malaysian team visited Palu and Lombok from November 13-12, 2018; the team consisted of representatives of The Scouts Federation of Malaysia, Malaysian Youth Council, Universiti Malaysia Perlis and Persatuan Sahabat Wanita Perlis. Approximately USD 19,400 worth of materials and assistance was delivered by the team; this amount was collected from Islamic school children, fellow muslims and muslim organizations from Malaysia. It was a project by the muslim brotherhood of Malaysia for the suffering muslims of Indonesia.



IAEWP congratulates the National Chancellor of Malaysia, Mr. Syed Araniri for his dedication and hard work in successfully executing the above project.


Office of the  IAEWP Executive Vice President 2,
Malaysia.

Saturday, January 12, 2019

Resignation of Blog Manager and Office Secretary



Ms. Natasha Malekka has resigned from her position as the Blog Manager and from all positions in IAEWP to focus on her growing family and her new business venture. 

She would NO LONGER be handling any communications for the IAEWP. Nevertheless, she would continue to be an ordinary member and supporter of IAEWP.

We respect her privacy and wish her all the best in her business.

IAEWP matters of the Office of the Deputy Secretary General would be temporarily handled by the newly appointed International Vice President for Accounting and Finance, Ms. Pushpa Krishna.

Ms. Puspa Krishna is a dedicated and active practicing member  of http://brahmakumaris.my/ with for the last 30 years;  as well as managing her private accounting  and finance practise :  http://kpv-solutions.blogspot.com for the last 15 years.

We  personally thank the Iron-Lady Ms. Natasha Malekka for her dedication to  the IAEWP for the last 20 years. 

We welcome Ms Pushpa Krishna to the IAEWP family of  international peace advocates.




The Office of the Deputy Secretary General
IAEWP ( NGO ECOSOC United Nations )
Location : Malaysia




Saturday, November 24, 2018

Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide


In its report to the United Nations Secretary-General in January 2005, the International Commission of Inquiry on Darfur insisted that crimes against humanity might, in some cases, be just as serious as genocide. Its comments highlighted what is often a sterile debate about whether to characterise acts as genocide or as “mere” crimes against humanity. Indeed, crimes against humanity was the label attached to the Nazi atrocities at Nuremberg, and it remains one of the “most serious crimes of concern to the international community as a whole” listed in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. 

Nevertheless, alongside the legal definition of genocide, rooted in the 1948 Convention and confirmed in subsequent case law, there is a more popular or colloquial conception. In practice, this lay understanding of genocide is more akin to crimes against humanity, in that it comprises a broad range of mass atrocities.

Wednesday, November 21, 2018

The War to End War 100 Years On: An Evaluation and Reorientation of our Resistance to War





Robert J. Burrowes, Ph.D.
IAEWP Vice President - South Pacific.


As we commemorate the passing of the 100th anniversary of the armistice ending ‘the war to end war’, one can only marvel at how wrong humans can be sometimes. Not content with the violence inflicted during World War I, humans used the twentieth century to systematically decimate human and other life as violence and war raged across the planet with an increasingly massive and sophisticated armory. In fact, by mid-century, in a tribute to their technological ingenuity and psychological dysfunctionality, humans had invented a weapon that could destroy life on Earth

Read more:

Saturday, November 17, 2018

The world's first online Peace-University



The Transcend Peace University (TPU) is an all-online university offering inter-disciplinary courses. We cover issues pertaining to peace and development studies while emphasizing solution-oriented approaches. Our faculty members are leading peace scholars and internationally recognized mediators.
On the right you can see some of our current courses and staff members. For more information about our programme and enrollment please go to transcend.org/tpu.

Monday, November 12, 2018

If You Want Peace, Prepare for Nuclear War




If You Want Peace, Prepare for Nuclear War

A Strategy for the New Great-Power Rivalry




ELBRIDGE COLBY is Director of the Defense Program at the Center for a New American Security. He served as U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Strategy and Force Development in 2017–18.


Afghanistan and Russia: Still Searching for Appropriate Structures of Governance




On Friday, 9 November 2018, at the invitation of the Russian Government and under the chairmanship of the Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov began what has been called “The Moscow Format” to end the armed conflicts and to find appropriate structures of governance in Afghanistan. Present for the first time were representatives of the Afghanistan High Peace Council – a government-appointed body charged with overseeing the peace process first appointed by then President Hamid Kassai and a five-member delegation of the Taliban from its political office in Doha, Qatar.  

Indicating an awareness of the trans-frontier aspects of the Afghanistan armed conflicts, there  were representatives from China, Pakistan, Iran, India, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. In practice each country has its favored groups within Afghanistan. The U.S.A. declined to participate but sent its  chief political officer from the Moscow Embassy as an “observer”.

This was the first time that representatives from all the concerned parties were in the same room at the same time.  In the past there have been back-channel bi-lateral meetings with the Taliban, especially in Qatar and bilateral discussions among government representatives elsewhere. However the Moscow Format was the first discussion held in public.

Sergei Lavrov articulated the long-range aim. “Russia stands for preserving the one and undivided Afghanistan in which all ot the ethnic groups that inhabit this country would live side by side peacefully and happily.”

The Taliban and Afghanistan High Peace Council each reiterated their unacceptable demands, but said that they were willing to meet again.  There were no sudden break-though to positions that could lead to negotiations and compromise, but none were expected.  The Moscow Format is a necessary first step on what is likely to be a long and difficult n process.  The Format recognizes that there are  important trans-frontier aspects and consequences of different types.

The trans-frontier aspect has been recently highlighted by the presence of fighters from the Islamic State (ISIS) in Afghanistan but also in Turkmenistan, Tajikistan , and Uzbekistan.  As ISIS is pushed out of Syria and Iraq, fighters have wished to continue their fight elsewhere and have joined with existing militant Islamist groups existing elsewhere such as those in the Central Asian States and Afghanistan.  However, the ISIS fighters have not been welcomed by the Taliban and seem to be operating separately.

It is not clear that the Government and the Taliban are in a position to negotiate a country-wide cease-fire and the creation of a structured government administration.  It is thought by observers that 30 per cent of the  country is under the control of the Government and four per cent under the Taliban.  However, “control” does not necessarily mean  that there are administrative services of health, education and agricultural development.

Afghanistan began its first post-Royal republican life in 1972 under the leadership of Sadar Mohammed Daoud who ruled until 1979.  There were few changes from the royal period, the King having been a cousin  and brother-in-law of Daoud.  However, some ideas about the need to plan on a national level were introduced by Afghan students who had studies in the Soviet Union.  The coming to power of the Presidents Hafizullah Amin and Nur Taraki, both from rival factions of the Afghan Communist Party led to a vision of national planning and agricultural reform.  

However, both reforms were undertaken with little development of a favorable public opinion.  The agricultural reforms in particular led to resistance from local power holders.  This opposition seemed to put the whole State structure into question, leading to the Soviet intervention in the first days of 1980 to support the Government.

The Soviet intervention led to armed opposition and large areas of the country fell out of the range of any form of government services.  The Soviets withdrew in 1988 leaving a country without a national administration but with a host of armed groups holding political influence over small areas of the country.

By 1996, some of these armed groups which had come together under the name of Taliban (students of theology) were able to take control of Kabul and said that they were the government of the country.  In 2001, the Taliban were pushed out of power by U.S. forces, the U.S. Government holding them  responsible for the September 2001 attacks on New York and Washington, D.C.  Since the end of 2001, there has been armed violence, a lack of economic development, and a  failure to find appropriate forms of governance.  There is a need to find appropriate forms of governance which are able to structure local traditions of social control, regional and ethnic-religious differences as well as having structures and services at the level of the State.

The Association of World Citizens has been involved since the early 1980s with discussions of appropriate forms of governance in Afghanistan.

The Ambassador Sayed Qassem Reshtia who had played a key role in the preparation of the 1964 Constitution which created a constitutional monarchy was living in exile in Geneva and was very helpful in giving background information.(1)  Dr Abdul Hakim Tabibi, the long-time Afghan Ambassador to the United Nations in New York until the Soviet intervention was also living in exile in Geneva and was most helpful with information and contacts. (2) In addition, there were Afghan intellectuals and opposition leaders passing through Geneva on their way to or from Rome where the former King Zaher Shah was living in exile.

Thus in 1983 the Association proposed that “there be a broadly-based, highly decentralized Government of National Reconciliation. Afghanistan is a country of great cultural diversity and a wide range of local conditions. Therefore, political and social decision-making must be made at the most local level possible.  There should be policies of local self-reliance based on existing regional and ethnic structures.  Such local self-government will mitigate against a ‘winner-take-all’ mentality of centralized political systems.”

The Association of World Citizens continues the con-federalist, decentralization, trans-frontier cooperation proposals of the world citizens Denis de Rougemont (1906 -1985) and Alenandre Marc (1904-2000). Thus the Association of World Citizens remains concerned with the efforts to find appropriate forms of governance  in Afghanistan.  We are still far from a condition in which “all of the ethnic groups live side by side peacefully and happily”   It took six years of negotiations in Geneva led by the experienced and skillful U.N. mediator Diego Cordovez to help in the decision of the Soviets to withdraw. (3)  It is to be seen if the Russian Government will appoint as skillful a diplomat to facilitate the Moscow Format.  We as non-governmental organization representatives must work together with the aim of the resolution of the armed conflicts and the creation of appropriate forms of governance  in view.

Notes

1) See Sayed Qassem Reshtia. The Price of Liberty. The Tragedy of Afghanistan (Rome: Bardi Editore, 1984)

2) See Abdul Hakim Tabibi. Afghanistan: A Nation in Love with Freedom

 (Cedar Rapids, IA: Igram Press, 1985)

3) Se Diego Cordovez and Selig S. Harrison. Out of Afghanistan: The inside story of the Soviet withdrawal (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995)



Dr.Rene Wadlow, President, Association of World Citizens